Source: 4 per 1000 website
At the Global Climate Action Summit which took place in September 2018 in San Frasciso, the government of California announced the launch of a Global Soil Health partnership with France.
The challenge calls on governments across the world, both national and sub-national to include programs that restore soil health under their national plans to meet their targets under the Paris Agreement.
Currently only 8 governments include programmes on soil health in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Yet boosting soil carbon is relatively easy, through low-tech sustainable agricultural practices. These measures not only fight climate change, but increase biodiversity and food security too.
California has invested over $700 million to date in climate solutions for agriculture, which include the on-farm strategies for soil carbon sequestration. The state has specifically committed $22.5 million in climate investments for soil health - the first climate commitment for soils in the US. The funds come from the state's cap - and - trade carbon pricing program and voter - approved bond money.
The announcement follows the launch of a new digital hub from the 4 per 1000 Initiative backed by the governments of France, Germany and Spain. If carbon was increased in soils by just 0.4% per year, the reduction in carbon dioxide from the atmosphere would correspond to all annual man-made greenhouse gas emissions, hence the name, the 4 per 1000 initiative.
Stephane Travert, France's minister for Agriculture and Food, said: "To be efficient and to lead to a true transition towards more sustainable agriculture, many actors have to be mobilised alongside the farmers. The 4 per 1000 Initiative will thus contribute to meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement and the Sustianable Development Goals. IT will allow famrers to live well from their work and contribute to food security."
Karen Ross, Secretary of the California Department of Food and Agriculture said: "Improving soil health is a powerful climate solution. By removing carbon from the atmosphere and storing it in our soils, we nourish the soil for healthy food production and increase water holding capacity to be drought tolerant and ensure food security. That's the same whether you are in California, France or any country in the world. As signatories to the Global Health Soil Challenge, we commit to applying these approches and encourage other governments to join us in a soil health revolution to fight climate change."
About the 4 per 1000 Initiative
The 4 per 1000 Initiative aims to encourage stakeholders to transition towards a productive, highly resilient agriculture, based on the appropriate management of agricultural soils in food security and climate action. Supported by solid science, the initiative invites all partners to implement practical actions on soil carbon storage. The initiative’s Secretariat is hosted by the CGIAR System Organization, an international organization based in Montpellier.
About the Global Soil Health Challenge
Announced by California and France at the Global Climate Action Summit in San Francisco, the Global Soil Health Challenge calls on national and sub-national governments to include ambitious programs of action on soil health in their Nationally Determined Contributions submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 2020 and in sub-national climate initiatives as part of broader climate action plans. The signatories agree to promote the development of healthy soils within their respected geographies and report back on their progress at the 2019 UN Climate Summit in New York. The Global Soil Health Challenge is part of a suite of climate smart agriculture practices aimed to strengthen efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and sequester carbon on natural and working lands, including agriculture.